Monday, May 25, 2020

The Crucible Compare And Contrast Essay - 1137 Words

The Crucible is play by Arthur Miller, made in 1953 and it is about a fictional story of The Salem witch trials that occurred in the late 1600’s. The film, The Crucible, was made in 1996, directed by Nicholas Hytner, and was made to show Millers work on the big screen so it could appeal to the new generation. The film and the text, The Crucible, have numerous similarities, yet in addition the movie will give you a better understanding of Arthur Millers work. Characterization in the play and in the film, are quite similar to each other, so it wouldnt be right to differentiate them. For the most part, there are two main characters, Abigail Williams and John Proctor. Abigail is a decisive and manipulative girl who seems to be the main†¦show more content†¦For example, it says At the right is a door opening on the fields outside. A fireplace is at the left, and behind it a stairway leading upstairs...,(Miller 49) and this description in the text is plentiful making not as easy to grasp the idea where they are as it is in the film. For some though, I can see why the text descriptions of the setting is better, but in general the film makes it simple for viewer to understand where the characters are at. The film and plays plot are basically identical, so theres no need to compare them, still the storyline is great. Furthermore, the plot of The Crucible is when Abigail and the girls are found in the forest dancing and doing witchcraft with Tituba. Abigail lies about how they were not doing anything witchcraft related in the forest, but people still suspect witchcraft in Salem, so Abigail and the girls accuse innocent people of witchery to cover up what they actually, did in the forest. John Proctor had an affair with Abigail, which that ends up being his downfall by Abigail accusing his wife of witchcraft because she wants to have Proctor for herself. John then goes into the court to say how the girls and Abigail been lying about everyone they accused by bringing Mary Warren, was part of Abigails clique, to show they have been lying. The girls pretend that Mary Warren is a witch by acting like she is hurting themShow MoreRelatedThe Crucible-Compare and Contrast Essay744 Words   |  3 PagesThe Crucible Essay In 1952 a play was written by Arthur Miller, about events that happened in Salem in 1692. The play was about affairs, accusations, and innocent people being accused of witches. In The Crucible by Arthur Miller, Abigail and Mary Warren are introduced as two separate people. Although people might see Abigail and Mary Warren as two separate people and nothing alike, they are more alike than meets the eye. Abigail and Mary Warren have three things in common; they are both are deceitfulRead MoreCompare and Contrast of Parris and Hale in The Crucible Essay869 Words   |  4 PagesSamuel Parris and John Hale are the two ministers in The Crucible and were initially alike in their attitudes towards witchcraft. However, their personalities show some striking dissimilarities. Unlike Hale, Reverend Parris is characterized by extreme paranoia and egotism. He is very static- his traits and motives remain consistent from the beginning to the end of the play. Although a religious man and believer i n witchcraft like Parris, Hale values human life and is motivated by personal beliefsRead MoreThe Paradoxical Nature of Belonging Depicted in Arthur Millers The Crucible1318 Words   |  6 PagesIn Arthur Miller’s The Crucible, we are positioned to see belonging as paradoxical, in that the positive, human quality of belonging inevitably carries with it the negative and dangerous corollary of exclusion. By belonging, we are automatically excluding others and excluding ourselves from other groups. The Crucible achieves this complex presentation of belonging through a variety of interconnected techniques which will be explored in this essay. These techniques may be categorized into four mainRead MoreThe History and Evoluition of Dance1221 Words   |  5 Pagescreated a new art form. Artists Loie Fuller, Isadora Duncan, and Ruth St. Denis are considered to be the pioneers of modern dance in America. Dance is a social institution, recognized as being an important function in civ ilized life. The following essay will focus on the theory and work of artist Isadora Duncan, while incorporating lecture notes and articles of both authors Sally Bane and Ann Daly to explain the historical situations that culminated in the development of early modern dance. ArisingRead MoreMedia Magic Making Class Invisible2198 Words   |  9 Pagespoor himself, he just explains how the media also does not show the uplifting side of the poor. In order to be effective and show the reader that you can support your theories you need to show both sides, so they reader can get a clear view to compare and contrast the topic. Mantsios fails to do so especially in his articles about the poor. In his other article (Class in America), Mantsios provides many examples and statistical data to show you that his facts are legitimate. On the other hand in hisRead MoreEssay Prompts4057 Words   |  17 PagesAP ENGLISH LIT AND COMP FREE RESPONSE QUESTIONS 2004 (Form A): Critic Roland Barthes has said, â€Å"Literature is the question minus the answer.† Choose a novel or play and, considering Barthes’ Observation, write an essay in which you analyze a central question the work raises and the extent to which it offers any answers. Explain how the author’s treatment of this question affects your understanding of the work as a whole. Avoid mere plot summary. You may select a work from the list below or anotherRead MoreHow To Write Literary Analysis4174 Words   |  17 PagesHow To Write Literary Analysis The Literary Essay: A Step-by-Step Guide When you read for pleasure, your only goal is enjoyment. You might find yourself reading to get caught up in an exciting story, to learn about an interesting time or place, or just to pass time. Maybe you’re looking for inspiration, guidance, or a reflection of your own life. There are as many different, valid ways of reading a book as there are books in the world. When you read a work of literature in an English classRead More The Passive Voice Essay2634 Words   |  11 Pagestopicalization in the English language. Kopple states that the English language uses topicalizers to fulfill special functions in essays (41). Several of these functions are: focusing the readers attention on a specific part of a sentence, expressing given or old information at the beginning of a sentence, marking changes in topics, and lastly, setting contrasts between one topic and another (41). Since there are differences in topicalization and the formation of the passive voice, non-nativeRead MoreEssay on Silent Spring - Rachel Carson30092 Words   |  121 PagesSeries: Presenting Analysis, Context, and Criticism on Commonly Studied Works: Introduction, Author Biography, Plot Summary, Characters, Themes, Style, Historical Context, Critical Overview, Criticism and Critical Essays, Media Adaptations, Topics for Further Study, Compare Contrast, What Do I Read Next?, For Further Study, and Sources.  ©1998-2002;  ©2002 by Gale. Gale is an imprint of The Gale Group, Inc., a division of Thomson Learning, Inc. Gale and Design ® and Thomson Learning are trademarksRead More Politics, Power, and Purpose in Shakespeares Measure for Measure6619 Words   |  27 Pagespretended to leave Vienna and has turned over the government to Angelo, his upright and up-tight Deputy; and that the Duke has resolved to remain in Vienna, in disguise, so that he may observe how Angelos character is revealed or transformed in the crucible of the power with which he has been invested. The Duke tells Friar Thomas, who is party to the plot: Lord Angelo is precise, Stands at a guard with envy, scarce confesses That his blood flows, or that his appetite Is more to bread than

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Lust and the Degeneration of Man Exposed in Shakespeare’s...

Lust and the Degeneration of Man Exposed in Shakespeare’s 129th Sonnet Love in its purest form is the most unsurpassable of all emotions, requiring intense commitment, while simultaneously providing incomparable bliss. However, often the intense desire for these feelings produces a new emotion, lust, with a craving that gives priority to obtaining an objectified person, as opposed to a very real human. Lust can be further practically defined as the inability to place selfless love on a higher pedestal than selfish desire. Shakespeare explores these conflicting definitions of lust in his 129th sonnet, condemning his animalistic variations of lust that coexist with his desire for a genuine state of love. As opposed to following the†¦show more content†¦When juxtaposed with the opening line, an inappropriate form of lust is a waste of the vitality that a person can give to the world in the form of intellect. In accordance with this natural tendency, the tone of the first half of the sonnet is most definitely savage (Martin 5), supported by the wor ds bloody†¦murderous, which brings about the connotation of a fierce creature of nature with only the desire to quench the physical thirst. These first lines support the wild tendencies by comparing Shakespeare’s initial action of lust to the first defense (Vendler 551) of an animal, partial to primitively impulsive behavior. The speaker is trying to erase his guilt when his rationality as a man should advise a reformation of his reasons for love. Throughout the sonnet, there is a continuous reference, more technically, a conceit of the hunt that further enhances the image of animals in their natural setting, uninhibited by society’s rules. Some critics have gone so far as to contest that Shakespeare mocks primitive lust. However, its sole presence is quite pitiful, for the speaker is unable to grasp a greater level of satisfaction that is everlasting, not ephemeral. The distinction between selflessness and selfishness is one that separates the human from the sava ge animal, although these opposing

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Hamlet Analysis Hamlet - 1149 Words

Timothy Sharps D.E. English December 7, 2015 Hamlet Analysis Prince Hamlet is a man who enjoys contemplating difficult philosophical questions. When his father the king of Denmark, was killed by his uncle. when Hamlet returns he sees his ghost after he returns home to find evidence of his father’s death. The Ghost of Hamlet tells Prince Hamlet that his uncle Claudius his uncle was the one who killed his father with poison of the ear. Throughout the rest of the story with him, Hamlet seeks to prove his uncle Claudius and guilt him into telling before he takes action against him. But, Hamlet is pensive ad extremum, at times even brooding; he constantly overuses his intellect while ignoring his emotions and ignoring what he thinks feels right. His sense of logic causes him to delay his revenge against Claudius until the end of hamlet story where he kills Claudius and proves that he has progressed into a truly mad character. At the beginning of the story, Hamlet acts out of pure intellect and processed logic. He suppresses his emotions and trusts only in the power of his mind. When Hamlet encounters his father s ghost, he does not believe it is his father, but then his emotions reaction upon seeing his father and then Hamlet says â€Å"Let me not burst in ignorance; but tell / Why thy canoniz d bones, hearsed in death, / Have burst their cerements . . Say, why is this? wherefore? what should we do?† (I.iv.46-48,57). Hamlet is so baffled and confused by the sight of hisShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of The Structure Hamlet 1233 Words   |  5 PagesStability, Sanity, and Structure (Analysis of the structure in Shakespeare’s Hamlet) Structure is in our lives all around us; we see it in work lives, our home lives, in our owe bodies, and even more so in the curriculum that kids are learning at school. Structure, in all aspects, is constructed according to a plan. It gives a sense of assembly and backbone to whatever we are looking at. We see structure is in the information students are attaining at school, especially in the literary sense. ManyRead MoreAnalysis Of Hamlet s Hamlet 1265 Words   |  6 PagesHow far would a man, who is a still a child at heart, go to avenge the death of his father? Hamlet, who is the son of the recently deceased King, engages in a quest to avenge his father, who was murder by the man who is now in his place, and married to the queen. Hamlet tries to develop a plan to kill King Claudius, but only time is stopping him. Time inevitably leads toward expiration of a human life. Hamlet shows a great concern for time and its effects, which was brought upon a death that contributedRead Mor eAnalysis Of Hamlet s Hamlet 1547 Words   |  7 PagesHamlet’s Hamartia Shakespeare s longest play is Hamlet, which takes place in the Kingdom of Denmark. Hamlet is a tragic tale about the Prince of Denmark and is a drama about revenge. Prince Hamlet is visited by his father’s ghost who demands he kill his uncle, Claudius, after Claudius killed Hamlet’s father. Yet despite being â€Å"†¦ the son of a dear father murdered, prompted to my revenge by heaven and hell,† Hamlet delays enacting vengeance on Claudius (II,2,584-585). This delay ultimatelyRead MoreHamlet Soliloquy Analysis Essay524 Words   |  3 PagesHamlet Soliloquy Analysis As Act I of Shakespeares Hamlet concludes, a conversation between the protagonist Hamlet and the ghost of his deceased father, King Hamlet occurs. In response to the ghosts request for Hamlet to take revenge, Hamlet shares his thoughts with the audience in a soliloquy. Through vows and promises, Hamlets oral reaction to the Kings request exposes his full will for revenge. In addition, Hamlets word-choice begins to exhibit the blind passionRead MoreLiterary Analysis Of Hamlet 1366 Words   |  6 PagesDeven Sect. 4 Professor Roberts April 21, 2015 Literary Analysis Psychological State of the Characters in Hamlet The English Play writer, William Shakespeare had written many well-known pieces of work including Hamlet. Hamlet is known to be one of his most popular works. Hamlet was written in the late 16th Century about the Prince of Denmark. The original title of the work was The Tragedy of Hamlet, now it is referred to as just Hamlet. In Hamlet, William Shakespeare uses the mental state of his charactersRead MoreAnalysis Of Hamlet And An Argumentative Essay892 Words   |  4 PagesEnglish 112 involved writing a large variety of literary pieces focusing on multiple components of writing. I wrote a multigenre on tattoos, literary analysis on Hamlet, and an argumentative essay as well as a summary and response essay on the need for higher education. From this wide array of papers I have learned and grown in my technical writing skills that will contribute in my pursuits of college level classes. I will address each of my papers and what I have learned from them. I have includedRead MoreHamlet and Horatio Best Friends for Life: an Analysis of Hamlet941 Words   |  4 Pages Hamlet and Horatio Best Friends for Life: an Analysis of Hamlet In Hamlet, two characters I believe to be important are Hamlet and his friend, Horatio. Horatio is the second most important character in the play. Horatio is Hamlet’s best friend and advisor. Horatio never keeps anything from Hamlet. In Act one, scene one; Horatio, Bernardo, and Marcellus see the ghost of king Hamlet who was killed by his brother, Claudius. AfterRead MoreEssay on A Critical Analysis of Shakespeares Hamlet1132 Words   |  5 PagesA Critical Analysis of Shakespeares Hamlet Dave Beaston Hamlet. Is he an insane madman or a revengeful, scheming, genius? There are many conflicting ideas and theories on this subject, and hopefully this paper may be of some assistance in clearing up the confusion. The paper is divided into three separate analytic sections beginning with the beginning of Hamlets so called madness, and why it may have occurred. Next, is an analysis of why Hamlet delays revenging his fathers death.Read MoreAn Analysis of Queen Gertrudes Position in King Hamlets Death in William Shakespeares Hamlet1056 Words   |  5 PagesAn Analysis of Queen Gertrudes Position in King Hamlets Death in William Shakespeares Hamlet Usually in a playwright, one of the authors objectives is to keep the viewer or reader confused or disconcerted about certain events in the plot. Certain characters in a play or story that have concocted covert schemes to perhaps murder or frame somebody, may have confusing effects on the viewer. Depending on the way the plan was developed in the plot the viewer may have to stop and ask themselves;Read MoreAn Analysis of the Characters in Hamlet Essay1592 Words   |  7 PagesAn Analysis of the Characters in Hamlet Hamlet by William Shakespeare has been considered by many critics as one of the best plays in English literature. It has also been considered as one of the best tragedies among the many Shakespeare wrote. It is a story which revolves around this person called Hamlet, prince of Denmark. It is set in the Elizabethan times in the 16th century. It is a tragedy because it results in the deaths of many characters either accidentally

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Nursing Interventions To Prevent Elderly Abuse †Free Samples

Question: What Are The Nursing Interventions To Prevent Elderly Abuse? Answer: Significance of the study In the year 2000, the adults aging 65 and above resulted in 12.5% of the population of U.S. and by 2050, it will increase upto 25% of the population. 2 million of older people are the victims of the abuse in various countries. It was estimated that for each and every elder abuse cases that are reported are not correct but some of the cases are too violent but they are never been reported (Malmedal et al. 2015). In fact, 84% of the cases of elderly abuse are not reported to any protective service or the police. There is an increase in the cases of the elderly abuse. This study is done to provide important information about the ways of screening the patients for elderly abuse, to help them whenever they need it and to provide the older people with relevant resources which will help the older people from being abused (Westermann et al. 2014). In this way, a superior comprehension of causes and aversion of senior mishandle ought to be a noteworthy global need. Besides the criminal penalties, failing to report about elder abuse may result in immediate action for the suffering of older people. In addition to this, the healthcare professionals who wont report about the cases of abuse risk it will lead to a strict action, possibly including loss of their professional license to practice. Elderly abuse is related with crushing individual results and societal costs, justifying consideration as a genuine general medical problem (Johnstone 2015). There are many peoples who are unwilling to report against the abuse if they dont get a proof. But if the reporting against the abuse is strictly maintained then it will become easier for the elder people and they will not be abused in the near future. Our essential goal was to deliberately separate and orchestrate noteworthy and appropriate proposals for segments of a multidisciplinary intersectoral healing centre based on the elderly abuse intervention (Rowe, Fulmer, and Fried 2016). Search strategy An online search was done using the Medline, CINAHL, Pubmed and Cochrane library. The search strategy included the following key terms on the basis of the research question: elderly; abuse; intervention; prevent; nursing. These search terms were then used together with the BOOLEAN operators, e.g., [elderly OR abuse OR intervention AND prevent OR nursing]. The limitation of the study was only English language is used, year of publications of the journals were taken from 2013 to 2017, is peer reviewed, and only focused on the elderly abuse. Summary of the evidence: Pillemer et al., in 2016 published an article named Elder Abuse: Global Situation, Risk Factors, and Prevention Strategies. The authors in this article said that the elderly abuse is now-a-days had perceived throughout the world as a vulnerable issue, which critically requires the consideration of medical services, welfare organizations and the population. Du Mont et al., in 2015 composed an article Development of a Comprehensive Hospital-Based Elder Abuse Intervention: An Initial Systematic Scoping Review. In this their goal was to deliberately separate the appropriate proposals for segments of a multidisciplinary healing centre based elderly abuse intervention. Johannesen and LoGiudice in 2013 written an article Elder abuse: a systematic review of risk factors in community-dwelling elders. In this they had done a survey of factors of risk for abuse in the elderly peoples, as an initial move towards investigating the utilization of the clinical structure. Critical review of the evidence Elder Abuse: Global Situation, Risk Factors, and Prevention Strategies Senior abuse is presently perceived globally as an inescapable and developing issue, critically requiring the consideration of medicinal services frameworks, social welfare organizations, policymakers, and the overall population. Reports from the World Health Organization, United Nations, and other universal bodies have unmistakably included senior manhandle and featured the scope of destructive exercises subsumed under this rubric all through the world(Pillemer et al. 2016). With a worldwide blast in the more seasoned grown-up populace, senior manhandle is required to wind up noticeably a significantly all the more squeezing issue, influencing a great many people around the world. Elderly abuse is related with crushing individual results and societal costs, justifying consideration as a genuine general medical problem. In this article, we give an outline of worldwide issues in the field of senior mishandle, with an emphasis on counteractive action. This article gives a checking audi t of key issues in the field from a worldwide point of view (Baker et al. 2016). By drawing basically on populace based examinations, this checking audit gave a more legitimate and dependable blend of current information about predominance and hazard factors than has been accessible. This accentuation is suitable in light of the fact that senior manhandle is likely the most broad issue of more seasoned individuals that is to a great extent preventable (not at all like numerous infection states of maturity). In this way, a superior comprehension of causes and aversion of senior mishandle ought to be a noteworthy global need. Luckily, an enhancing worldwide logical writing has gone with this developing concern, incorporating pervasiveness examines in various nations and universal relative ventures (Pillemer et al. 2016). In spite of the absence of logically thorough intercession investigate on senior manhandle, the audit likewise recognized 5 promising methodologies for counteractive action. The discoveries feature a developing agreement crosswise over examinations with respect to the degree and reasons for senior abuse, and additionally the earnest requirement for endeavours to make senior abuse counteractive action programs more compelling and confirmation based. Development of a Comprehensive Hospital-Based Elder Abuse Intervention: An Initial Systematic Scoping Review Elderly abuse, a general human rights issue, is related with many negative outcomes. In many locales, be that as it may, there are no thorough healing centre based intercessions for senior manhandle that address the totality of requirements of mishandled more established grown-ups: mental, physical, legitimate, and social. As the initial move towards the advancement of such mediation, we attempted an orderly perusing audit. Our essential goal was to deliberately separate and orchestrate noteworthy and appropriate proposals for segments of a multidisciplinary intersectoral healing centre based senior manhandle mediation. An optional target was to compress the attributes of the reactions looked into, including techniques for advancement and approval (Du Mont et al. 2015). The dark and insightful literary works were deliberately looked, with two autonomous commentators directing the title, dynamic and full content screening. The extricated suggestions for mind were examined, coded, sort ed into subjects, and further evaluated for importance to a thorough doctor's facility based reaction. Qualities of the reactions were outlined utilizing enlightening insights. 649 suggestions were extricated from 68 particular senior manhandle reactions, 149 of which were regarded pertinent and were classified into 5 topics: Initial contact; Capacity and assent; Interview with more established grown-up, parental figure, insurance contacts, or potentially speculated abuser; Assessment: physical/legal, mental, psychosocial, and ecological/useful; and mind design. Just 6 reactions had been assessed, proposing a huge hole amongst advancement and execution of suggestions (Du Mont et al. 2015). To address the absence of confirmation to help the suggestions extricated in this audit, in a future report, a gathering of specialists will formally assess every proposal for its consideration in a far reaching clinic based reaction. Elder abuse: a systematic review of risk factors in community-dwelling elders Progressively, senior mishandle is rising as a need territory for governments and wellbeing specialist co-ops. Notwithstanding an assortment of definitions, two key ideas are that senior manhandle includes a demonstration or exclusion which brings about damage to the more established individual, and this happens inside a relationship of trust. General commonness examines show that 6% of more established people in the group are probably going to have encountered huge mishandle in the most recent month. Commonly, be that as it may, these examinations deliver generally dissimilar assessments, affected by the definition, methodological issues and culture. Hypothetical clarifications draw on the family brutality writing and underscore parental figure worry with regards to reliance, abuser psychopathology, between generational transmission of viciousness, outer anxiety and social confinement. Objective: to embrace an orderly writing survey of hazard factors for mishandle in group abiding s enior citizens, as an initial move towards investigating the clinical utility of a hazard factor structure (Dong, Chen and Simon 2014). The search was attempted utilizing the MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE and PsycINFO databases for articles written in English, from 2013-2017, to distinguish unique examinations with factually huge hazard factors for mishandle in group staying senior citizens. Studies concerning self-disregard and people matured under 55 were barred. The outcomes were acquired that 49 investigations met the incorporation criteria, with 13 components that were reproducible over a scope of settings in superb examinations. These concerned the senior individual, culprit, relationship and condition (Rosen 2014). It was inferred that present confirmation bolsters the multifactorial aetiology of senior mishandle including hazard factors inside the senior individual, culprit, relationship and condition. Elder abuse: an approach to identification, assessment and intervention Senior mishandle is progressively perceived as an essential issue related with altogether expanded rates of doctor's facility confirmation,nursing home situation and mortality. Assessments of pervasiveness fluctuate generally, yet late investigations, including a 2008 efficient survey, have proposed that 5% 10% of more seasoned grown-ups report encountering misuse. In December 2012, the Canadian Parliament passed Bill C-36, the Protecting Canada's Seniors Act, which plans to secure more seasoned grown-ups through changes to the Criminal Code (Glendennina and Kingston 2014). This bill makes senior manhandle a disturbing element for condemning purposes, with the end goal that criminal demonstrations of senior mishandle may be liable to maximal condemning. There is, nonetheless, a generous error between commonness evaluations of senior manhandle and the quantity of cases answered to police. In 2009, for instance, Canadian police detailed 7871 instances of fierce wrongdoing against indiv iduals 65 years old or more seasoned (with respect to an aggregate populace of more than 4 million in that age gathering). Equity Canada analysts have discovered that charges were laid in just 17% of instances of asserted senior misuse took care of by Ottawa police in the vicinity of 2005 and 2010. These information propose that many instances of senior mishandle don't achieve the criminal equity framework and that doctors might be among the primary who can mediate (Fortinash and Worret 2014). They sought MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL and PsycINFO from the soonest date accessible. Confirmation with respect to the hazard factors for, evaluation of and mediations to address senior manhandle is constrained. Despite the fact that multidisciplinary groups have existed for quite a few years, just a single report has exhibited a quantifiable impact of such groups, and it was constrained to budgetary misuse (Dong 2015). The best intercession technique right now gives off an impression of being in struction focused at expanding familiarity with senior manhandle among human services experts, undifferentiated from the consolidation of youngster mishandle preparing into the therapeutic school educational modules. Conclusion Thus from this study it can be concluded that in addition to the health care professionals, the social workers are also responsible for the detection of signs of the elderly abuse and to provide the interventions and care services (Ayalon et al. 2016). During this study, the use of data from a journals about the elderly people it has been tried to discuss the types of the elderly abuse, identification of the risk factors for various types of elderly abuse, and recommended the prevention strategies. Particularly, it had been compared that the elder those who are self neglecting the elders and the persons who are abused or been neglected by the others(Yan, Chan and Tiwari 2015). It was further been compared that the risk factors for both the physical and emotional abuse are associated with the risk factors mainly for the financial exploitation only. There are some risk factors that are analyzed includes the age, gender, health conditions status of the mental health, support of the soci ety or the family and drugs or abuse of alcohol. References Ayalon, L., Lev, S., Green, O. and Nevo, U., 2016. A systematic review and meta-analysis of interventions designed to prevent or stop elder maltreatment.Age and ageing,45(2), pp.216-227. Baker, P.R., Francis, D.P., Hairi, N.N., Othman, S. and Choo, W.Y., 2016. Interventions for preventing abuse in the elderly.The Cochrane Library. Dong, X., Chen, R. and Simon, M.A., 2014. Elder abuse and dementia: a review of the research and health policy.Health Affairs,33(4), pp.642-649. Dong, X.Q., 2015. Elder abuse: systematic review and implications for practice.Journal of the American Geriatrics Society,63(6), pp.1214-1238. Du Mont, J., Macdonald, S., Kosa, D., Elliot, S., Spencer, C. and Yaffe, M., 2015. Development of a comprehensive hospital-based elder abuse intervention: an initial systematic scoping review.PloS one,10(5), p.e0125105. Fortinash, K.M. and Worret, P.A.H., 2014.Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing-E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences. Glendennina, F. and Kingston, P., 2014.Elder Abuse and Neglect in Residential Settings: different national backgrounds and similar responses. Routledge. Johannesen, M. and LoGiudice, D., 2013. Elder abuse: a systematic review of risk factors in community-dwelling elders.Age and ageing,42(3), pp.292-298. Johnstone, M.J., 2015.Bioethics: a nursing perspective. Elsevier Health Sciences. Malmedal, W., Iversen, M.H. and Kilvik, A., 2015. Sexual abuse of older nursing home residents: A literature review.Nursing research and practice,2015. Pillemer, K., Burnes, D., Riffin, C. and Lachs, M.S., 2016. Elder abuse: global situation, risk factors, and prevention strategies.The Gerontologist,56(Suppl_2), pp.S194-S205. Rosen, A., 2014. Where mental health and elder abuse intersect.Generations,38(3), pp.75-79. Rowe, J.W., Fulmer, T. and Fried, L., 2016. Preparing for better health and health care for an aging population.Jama,316(16), pp.1643-1644. Wang, X.M., Brisbin, S., Loo, T. and Straus, S., 2015. Elder abuse: an approach to identification, assessment and intervention.Canadian Medical Association Journal,187(8), pp.575-581. Westermann, C., Kozak, A., Harling, M. and Nienhaus, A., 2014. Burnout intervention studies for inpatient elderly care nursing staff: Systematic literature review.International journal of nursing studies,51(1), pp.63-71. Yan, E., Chan, K.L. and Tiwari, A., 2015. A systematic review of prevalence and risk factors for elder abuse in Asia.Trauma, Violence, Abuse,16(2), pp.199-219.

Monday, April 6, 2020

Causes of World War II

Table of Contents Introduction and background of the study Statement of the problem Major causes of World War II Conclusion Works Cited Introduction and background of the study The World War II was a result of national tension among the superpowers of the World War I (Duiker Spielvogel 24). There are numerous explanations about what caused the World War II. Historians and scholars link the World War II with the unsolved disputes of World War I. Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Causes of World War II specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More However, modern research on history shows that the major causes of World War II were political imbalance, economic stress and the need for military supremacy (Hart 43). Lack of political agreement among the victors of World War I in Europe is explained as the main cause of World War II. The World War I had left many countries in Europe helpless and they relied on the vic tors for their political and economical survival. During that Germany, Britain and France were very influential in Europe and controlled both political and economic activities in the region and other parts of the world (Henig 22). After the World War I, several political and economic issues were left unsolved and countries in Europe continued to compete for political, economic and military supremacy. This was as a result of the superpower’s desire to extend their territory and acquire more resources to replace what was lost in the World War I. Additionally; Europe was experiencing hard economic times after the 1930s Great Depression (Roberts 88-89). Consequently, countries ignored the political structure established after the World War I and started invading the weaker ones making them their territories. Although there are several factors that directly and indirectly contributed to the rise of the World War II, lack good political structures was the major cause (Conrad Stein 89). Statement of the problem Immediately after the World War I, most of the countries in Europe were left disorganized both politically and economically. The influential ones such as France, Germany and Britain did not make effective political agreements that could unite all the survivors of the World War I (Conrad Stein 115). Each of them struggled alone to re-establish itself and become the leader of the others. Although some of the countries in Europe tried to unite the victors of the World War I so that they can maintain global harmony, countries like Germany and Japan failed to support the move and went ahead attacking other countries in order to increase their economic and military superiority. For instance, in Europe Germany invaded Poland while in Asia Japan invaded China. Advertising Looking for research paper on history? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More On September 1st 1939 the German troops led by Hitler invaded Poland contrary to the warning given by France and Britain. Consequently Britain and France declared war on Germany after failing to address the matter politically with Hitler (Conrad Stein 127). Major causes of World War II Lack of global political balance among the World War I victors was the major factor the led to the rise of the World War II. After the World War I, the global community did not establish effective political strategies that could regulate the superior from exploiting the inferior ones (Plowright 62). On the contrary, all the victors of World War I embarked on invading the less powerful countries in order to extend their territories and improve their economic abilities and military superiority. On the other hand, some countries such as France, Britain and Italy were not in support of superior countries invasion of the inferior ones and were ready to do everything possible to stop such moves. This was the reason why Britain and France declared war against Germany and Japan thereby propelling a war among them and their supporters (Gruhl 117). Therefore the desire by the Germans under Hitler to conquer other countries and the desire by the Japanese to expand their territory was the key cause of the war in Europe and subsequently the World War II. The idea of political imbalance among the leading nations after the World War I was also a contributing factor to the World War II. After the World War I, the superpowers from Europe established a political agreement that all nations, regardless of their political, military and economical abilities, should respect the sovereignty of every nation. However, severe sanctions were put on countries such as Japan and Germany to prevent them from cruel activities witnessed during the World War I. Countries such as Britain and France ensured that the peace agreement signed treated the Germans harshly in order to put their brutal leader, Hitler, in control. For instance, the agreed peace treaty restricted t he German military, reduced its territory both in Europe and in oversea colonies. Worst of all, Germany was required to pay a penalty of over $33 billion as war damages. Following the great depression in Europe,Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Causes of World War II specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The sanctions put on Germany in a severe situation and Hitler was not ready to adhere to the demands of the treaty. He therefore re-organized his country and Germany was ready for the war (Plowright 115). One of the political agreements that were formed after the World War I is the League of Nations. However, there was a problem of appeasement and isolation among the member nations that made the agreement unsuccessful in preventing another war to occur. The truth is that after the World War I, the peace treaty made was unfair to the Germans and this made it even worse because the Germans believed that they we re never defeated during the World War I. Although the Germans were the ones who introduced the idea of the peace treaty after the World War I, they their leaders made the people believe that they had not lost in the battlefield (Finney 45). On the other hand the super Powers failed to make the League of Nations a success. This allowed the likes of Germany to re-organize themselves and declare war on other countries. There was no political support from the superpowers to push through the peace treaty (Henig 80). The political system that existed in Europe after the World War I was based on the ideologies of few leaders who valued their personal interest and that of their individual nations before those of the international community. Every country in Europe had its own political interests in the treaty and this made individual like Hitler to break the treaty. Consequently, Britain and France declared war on countries that failed to respect the treaty and the end result was the Wor ld War II. Some countries in Europe had also given in to the political requirements of the superpowers whereby they weakened their military hoping that there could be no more war in the future. This made it easier for Germany and other countries that were ready for the war to invade them (Finney 116). Formation of the League of Nations after the World War I to solve international disputes is also another major factor that led to the rise of the World War II. The league was formed on political grounds and most of the leaders involved in its formation had national goals in mind and very few had international interests. The league was also formed by the superpowers of the World War I in order to protect their own interests and avoid further invasions. Some of the influential countries such as the USA isolated themselves from the league and this made it to lack political support that could make it effective. Advertising Looking for research paper on history? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The process of admitting members of the league was also made on political grounds and this made it to lack international support. Countries like the US embarked on the politics of isolation after the World War I. Leaders in the US did not bother much with the international politics and this made it possible for countries in Europe and Asia to continue with the war (Dowswell 73). The politics of the time were based on nationalism, totalitarianism, and Fascism. The fascists supported the use of military in order to achieve national goals and international cohesion. These included the likes of Italy, Germany and Japan among others. Leaders such as Hitler, Mussolini, Italy and the Japanese imperialists were based on expansionism. They wanted to conquer many territories as possible countries and expand their power and territory (Finney 146). Conclusion It is evident from the study that most of the causes of World War II were politically driven (Eubank 98). Although some economic and mili tary factors also contribute to the war, it is the lack of proper international political systems that allowed some leaders to use their military against other nations. Consequently, countries that felt invading other nations was unfair opposed the move using military means and this graduated to the World War II. Works Cited Conrad Stein, R. World War II in Europe: From Normandy to Berlin, NJ, United States: Enslow Publishers, Inc., 2011 print. Dowswell, P. The Causes of World War II, New York, NY, United States: Paw Prints, 2008 print. Duiker, W. J, Spielvogel, J. World History: Since 1500, New York, NY, United States: Cengage Learning, 2008 print. Eubank, K. World War II: Roots and Causes, New York, NY, United States: San Val, Incorporated, 2006 print. Finney, P. Remembering the Road to World War Two, New York, NY, United States: Taylor Francis, 2010 print. Gruhl, W. Imperial Japan’s World War Two: 1931-1945, NJ, United States: Transaction Publishers, 2010 print. Hart, C. The Second World War: 1939 – 45, CA, United States: Evans Brothers, 2007 print. Henig, R. B. The Origins of the Second World War: 1933-1941, KY, United States: Taylor Francis Group, 2005 print. Plowright, J. Causes, Course and Outcomes of World War Two, New York, NY, United States: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007 print. Roberts, P. World War II: The Essential Reference Guide, CA, United States: ABC-CLIO, 2012 print. This research paper on Causes of World War II was written and submitted by user Lauryn Wiggins to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Monday, March 9, 2020

Poor infrastructure Essays

Poor infrastructure Essays Poor infrastructure Essay Poor infrastructure Essay Mozambique is still relatively poor as a country in economic terms, although it is rich in others such as copious fishing waters that are underused in the global markets due to poor infrastructure. Mozambique was lead by the Portuguese government who were ill equipped to compete adequately on an international and global level. When globalisation took off in other African states, Mozambique was left behind, and never had an industrial revolution. This meant that although there was plenty of opportunity to further develop the country and equip it with the ability to trade on global levels, other capitalist states and markets were far more advanced, with a good infrastructure that opened them up to the markets. The people of Mozambique were poorly educated, many of them illiterate, and because of this they were exploited by other nations. Many of the countries inhabitants are rough peasants and this exploitation led to a fascist dictatorship. They did not have the opportunities like other countries such as Ghana under the leadership of Nkrumah. Places like this could colonise as the leaders had skewed their colonies and economies and bequeathed more education to its inhabitants. Mozambique was never going to be able to match the massive trading powers of France and Britain, as Portugal had never prepared it to do so. Portugal had exploited it but not developed it. The idea behind neocolonisation was to allow maintenance of economic control but allowing it no input. There were no representatives around the table to help with the management of decolonisation. The only way that Portugal could decolonise Mozambique was through a bloody battle, often in a very vicious manner. The advancing system of France meant also meant that their military were stretched to the limits in trying to protect its country, but stood no chance and were often abandoned, as happened in the civil war. Prior to all this all decisions about the country had gone through the president in Paris, who operated in a Masonic way. Post-modern ideas of independence for Mozambique were hindered by the failure of the Westminster model of government, due to incompatibilities and ill equipped governments. There were often visible aspects of leaders becoming economy holders of the empire of entrepreneurship. Mozambiques problems were confounded and exacerbated by the civil aid programmes that supposedly came to help them. The growth centred approach to poverty only compounded this further. Targeted intervention was of no use as the poverty was so widespread. The average wage was well below the poverty line and there was an even harder exertion for the women to secure rewards that were commensurate with their contributions to the independence struggle. They were often given the opportunity to go to the markets with their produce but were then taxed heavily, and losing out on any sort of profit they may have made, basically a form of legalised extortion. Problems with landmines meant that the land was very dangerous to work on, with a high risk of injury or death. These also helped to slow down economic redevelopment. Many of us will remember the campaigns that were led by Princess Diana showing the terrible injuries that people had suffered through landmines detonating as they worked. There was a plea for international aid to be brought in to clear away the landmines and to give the people a fair chance to improve themselves and their towns. By implementing harsh and complicated economic pressures on its people, this is difficult enough in a wealthy modern state, the picture is even worse when we talk about African countries. The problems with a rapidly collapsing infrastructure, or as in the case of Mozambique, a non existent infrastructure, alongside its entrenched parastatal sector hostile to any change, which may threaten its interests, the problems not only escalate but become utterly formidable. In addition to this, the private sector becomes a strange amalgamation of disparate unrelated components. It consists of large multinationals, medium local sized organisations usually run by Asians, and a huge informal sector that largely comprises of peasant farmers. This means that the private sector is unbalanced and isolated to some extent. Considering all these points it is clear that there should be no rush for the imposition of multi party democracies and an unfettered market economy, even if it was possible to do so for Mozambique. Surely any change should be done gradually, with long term strategies that work alongside and slowly change the present systems. To sum up, arguments for structural adjustment policies of the International Monetary Fund, and lately on an increasing level in the World Bank, only focus on the microeconomic structures, and not the macroeconomic structures of all African countries including Mozambique. One must recognise the role played by recession in the West, due to declining terms of trade for primary products and the oil crisises. Those who believe in structural adjustment believe that the majority of african states share a common state corporatism that is economically corrosive and unproductive. Originally the motivation behind these programmes was to liberalise trade, reduce the role of government and parastate industries in the economy, and to end various subsidies to various sections of the population. It was believed that this would end the balance of payment crises and therefore promote economic growth. By the early 1990s it had been shown that this was not actually the case and that policy based lending had not acheived the intended goals. A new policy was now required to correct this, and the International Monetary Fund now decided that they needed to create a series of rational law based societies throughout sub-Saharan africa. This policy would need to make it clear that investment decisions were to be made on economic grounds, rather than on politically motivated grounds. This plainly put any emphasis of blame, due to previous policy failure, about the economic crisis in Mozambique and esoecially in Mozambique, was laregely a creation of the individual african states themselves. This removed any liability and responsibility on the west, protecting its own interests again. If there is no benefit to themselves there is a reluctance to become involved in the countries problems. The retention of these types of attitudes mean that Mozambiques problems are unlikely to see any significant change in the near future. There will be change but only very slowly as discussed earlier. In my beleif I think the Mozambique people have always been given a rough deal, and cannot see that it will change quickly, as the people who hold the power and capability to enforce change are fearful that they may lose some independance, i. e. the middle class bourguoise. The fear of a lack of control for those in the city, means that the poorer members of society are repressed continually, and because they do not have the capability or knowledge to do something about it, it is unlikely that it will change. I agree that the support given through international aid is necessary, but it should be helping the peasant farmers and the poorer members of society, not just the big boys in the city. This only extenuates the gap between the haves and have nots. Bibliography Tordoff W. Government and politics in Africa. (3rd ed) 1997. Macmillan press. London Clapham. C. Third World politics: an introduction. 1985. Croom Helm. London Chabal. P. Political Domination in Africa. Reflections on the limits of power. 1986. Canbridge University Press. London Cammack P. Capitalism and democracy in the Third . World. 1997. Leicester University Press. Leicester.. McLean. I. Concise dictionary of politics. 1996. Oxford University Press. Oxford. Webliography

Friday, February 21, 2020

The Great Migration of African Americans from the South to the North Essay

The Great Migration of African Americans from the South to the North during the 1900's - Essay Example There seems to have been two instances where the African Americans migrated. First was between 1910-1940, following which it is considered that there was a second Great Migration, which was between 1940 and 1970. Most of the people seemed to have moved to California from places like Texas and Louisiana. This move is considered mainly due to the availability of jobs in the defense industry. The years 1965 until 1970, had seen a high number of people migrating from places like Alabama, Louisiana and Mississippi to other regions of the United States which fell under the Census. However the following year brought about a number of people moving back to their original destinations due to family reasons, or kinship ties. However post 1995 until 2000, places like Georgia, Texas and Maryland, attracted the highest number of college graduates. California was considered to be one of the highest and most gaining states for the black migrants however the later 1990s led California to loose more than gain African Americans. With the Emancipation Proclamation that had been signed earlier on in 1863, left merely 8 percent of the African American population left in Northeast and Midwest. Later on in 1900, almost ninety percent of the African American was seen to have moved out of the slave holding states to move into newer and better lives (Wesley, 1927). A number of the people had moved into places like Boston, New York, Baltimore, Chicago and many other smaller industrial cities. People wanted to take the cheapest rail ticket possible and for this they moved from places like Mississippi to Chicago. The years of 1910 until 1930s saw a rise in the African American population in Northern States and there was a rise of almost forty percent, this lead to a high level of urban tension, majorly because of the number of migrants of the African American and